In addition to being from a noble tribe, he also enjoyed the protection of his uncle, Abu Talib, who was venerated as a great chieftian. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ did not object to Sayyiduna Ali when he used the terms ‘kafir,’ ‘Mushrik’ and ‘misguided’ for his own father, Abu Talib. The scholars agree that from them only the former two became Muslim, the latter two did not. He sheltered and helped the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in Makkah and his son would die in Madinah with the help of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Sunan al-TirmidhÄ« (vol 2 p.301), Al-Ṭabaqāt Al-Kubrā - ibn Sa'd (vol 3 kklkp.12), Usd Al-Ghābah (vol 4 p.17), Kanz al-'Ummāl (vol 6 p.400), TārÄ«kh Al-ṬabarÄ« (vol 2 p.55), TārÄ«kh Baghdād (vol 2 p.18), "Abu-Talib (a.s.) The Greatest Guardian of Islam", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Abu_Talib_ibn_Abd_al-Muttalib&oldid=996028913, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles tagged with the inline citation overkill template from August 2017, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. His sons are Talib, known for his honesty, Aqeel, known for his loyalty, Jafar, known for his nobility, and Ali, known as the Prince of Believers. The memory of Abu Talib is influenced by political aims of the Sunnis and Shias. He died as a Mushrik [polytheist]. asked him to accept Islam) however he did not accept.”, It is in Naseem al-Riyad, “Abu Talib died on kufr, and the false claim of some Rafdis that he became a Muslim is baseless.”, It is written in Mirqat Sharh Miskhat, “According to the Ahl al-Sunnah, Abu Talib is not a believer.”. The Prophet ﷺ announced Prophethood at the age 40, thus the nikah to Sayyidah Khadija was conducted 15 years before the announcement of Prophethood. In the end Abu Talib said that he was dying with is belief in the religion of Abd Al Muttalib. The general mass has been confused by the shias whether the uncle of our Beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam, Abu Talib recited the Shahadah or not. Islamic Study / Article. If Abu Talib died as a Muslim, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ would have ordered or conducted the Janazah prayer like he did for the wife of Abu Talib, Fatimah bint Asad, who left this world as a Muslim. In fact, even now, according to the Shari’at, if a kafir prays the Khutbah or conducts the Nikah, as long as the man and woman complete Ijab and Qabool, and there are a minimum of two witnesses present, the Nikah is complete. The Messenger of Allah said, “O uncle! Say, none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, a sentence with which I will defend you before Allah.” On that Abu Jahl and Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said to Abu Talib, “Will you now leave the religion of Abdul Muttalib?” The Messenger of Allah kept on inviting him to say that sentence while the other two kept on repeating their sentence before him till Abu Talib said as the last thing he said to them, “I am on the religion of ‘Abdul Muttalib,” and refused to say, None has the right to be worshipped except Allah. Are you going to denounce the religion of Abdul Muttalib?" argue) for you before Allah. Sayyiduna Ali narrated, “I said to the Messenger of Allah, O Messenger of Allah! Her believed marriage to the Caliph Umar al-Khattab is the cause of much contention between the Sunni and the Shiites. THE PROTECTION Polytheists avoid openly abusing the Prophet Because the Prophet had enjoyed great prestige and belonged to a highly respected tribe, his opponents did not dare mistreat him the way they did the slave converts to Islam. There are many disputes between Shi'a and Sunnis over Abu Talib's (a) faith. He was married to Fatima bint Asad and was an uncle of Muhammad. This is the belief of the majority of the scholars of the Ahl al-Sunnah and is proven from the verses of the Qur’an and authentic Ahadith. For more details, refer to the comprehensive treatise of Ala Hazrat Imam Ahmad Raza, Sharhu al-Matalib Fi Mabhathi Abi Talib. Allah's Apostle kept on inviting Abu Talib to say it (i.e. 1, P. 93. Khadija also was a Hanif/ monotheist follower of Ibrahim (as). Abu Talib was married to Fatimah binte Asad, who was a Muslim. الب (ع) is one of the theological arguments between Shi'a and Sunni scholars. AbÅ« Tālib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib () (549 – 619) was the head of the clan of Banu Hashim. The personality of Abu Talib is among the most oppressed in the early Islamic era, as his high status in Mecca among the Quraysh tribe was jeopardized for his … Other articles where AbÅ« Ṭālib KalÄ«m is discussed: Islamic arts: Indian literature in Persian: …poets, the most outstanding is AbÅ« Ṭālib KalÄ«m (died 1651), who came from Hamadan. From his face, mercy falls like rain. Are you going to denounce the religion of `Abdul Muttalib?" a paternal uncle of Muhammad, and the father of Ali, the 4th caliph who is also the son-in-law of Muhamamd. It is in Ma’alim al-Tanzeel (Tafsir al-Baghawi), “It was revealed regarding Abu Talib,” it is in Madarik al-Tanzeel (Tafsir al-Nasafi), “Zajjaj said that it is the consensus of the exegetes that this verse was revealed regarding Abu Talib.” Imam Nawawi in his Sharh Muslim wrote similar to this. Comparative Index to Islam : ABU TALIB. The Shi'a school of thought believes that Abu Talib was a Muslim according to hadiths narrated from the Ahl al-Bayt (a), while Sunni historians say that Abu Talib did not formally accept Islam and died as a polytheist.. When the Messenger of Allah ﷺ proclaimed Prophethood, four uncles were alive; Sayyiduna Hamzah, Sayyiduna Abbas, Abu Talib and Abu Lahb. At this point is must be clearly noted that Ali and Uthman were brothers in Islam, both devoted too God, His messenger Muhammad and the religion of Islam. According to historians, his real name was ‘Imraan. Al-Imam al-A’zam states in al-Fiqh al-Akbar, “His [the Messenger of Allah’s] uncle, Abu Talib died a kafir.”. Abu Talib was definitely a Muslim. Hazrat Ali (ra) was born ten years before the prophethood of Muhammad (sa). The Shia school of thought believes that Abu Talib was a Muslim while Sunni says that Abu Talib did not formally accept Islam and died as a polytheist. [His full name was] Hazrat Ali bin Abi Talib bin Abdil Muttalib bin Hashim. No one can question Abu Talib's honor and dignity. º) said to Abu Talib, "O uncle! All scholars agree that Abu Talib, the uncle of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, took care of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ and dearly loved him more than his own children. “And they stop [others] from him (the Messenger of Allah) and run away from him; and they ruin none except themselves, and they do not have sense.” [Qur’an 6:26]. The Hadith mentions the reason of revelation of the aforementioned verse [28:56]. Say: None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, a sentence with which I shall be a witness (i.e. Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said to his uncle at the time of his death, ‘say there is none worthy of worship but Allah and I will bear testimony for you on the Day of Reckoning’. Your uncle, the old and the misguided has died. Jafar protected all of the poor but he protected and met the needs of especially Ashab as-Suffa, the Muslims who were busy with learning knowledge and service of belief. If ‘Hazrat’ is used with the intention of praise or respect then he is mistaken, as it has been clarified that the correct opinion is that Abu Talib died a disbeliever. Abu Jahl and 'Abdullah bin Abi Umaiya said, "O Abu Talib! Then he turned to the Prophet and said that he would have recited the creed but he feared lest the Quraish should accuse him of fear of death. According to narrations from Ahl al-Bayt (a), Shi'as have ijma' (consensus) on that Abu Talib, the uncle of the Prophet (s) and the father of Imam 'Ali (a), had faith in the Prophet (s). Muslims remember Ali for his courage, his honesty, his generous and kind behaviour towards others, and his unswerving devotion to Islam. Abu Talib leading the nikah of the Prophet ﷺ to Sayyidah Khadijah is not sufficient evidence to prove his Iman, especially when there are authentic narrations that oppose the Iman of Abu Talib. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri narrated, “A mention was made of his uncle, Abu Talib in front of the Messenger of Allah. However, although he was close to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, he did not accept Islam and thus died as a kafir. Abounding in descriptive passages of great virtuosity, his poignant and often pessimistic verses have become proverbial, thanks to their compact diction and fluent style. Story of Ali, son of Abu Talib: The Early Years. Friday Sermon 27 November 2020 Men of Excellence: Hazrat Alira Today, I will speak about the Khulafa-e-Rashidin [Rightly Guided Caliphs] and begin with Hazrat Alira bin Abi Talib. In Islam, a Muslim women is not … Nonetheless, we have sufficient evidence to affirm that Abu Talib believed in the existence and oneness of Allah, the truthfulness and prophecy the Prophet, and the adherence and affirmation to the religion of Islam, through his poetry of praise [for the Prophet], statements of support, and actions of … Demise. As the Shias say that he conducted the nikah of The Beloved Prophet SallAllahu Alayhi Wasallam with Sayyidah Khadijah RadiAllahu Anha. He would prohibit and prevent others from hurting the Prophet, yet he himself stayed far from bringing faith in the Prophet.” Similar is stated in al-Durr al-Manthur. Hence, even if a kafir led the nikah, it was correct as it was not forbidden by Islam. Close. Other traditions specify that 'Abdul-Muttalib was a "Hujjat (Proof) of Allah and that Abu Talib was his successor." Religion of Abu Talib. Can you please tell us with detail about the belief of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah about Abu Talib’s religion? what should be done). Posted by 11 hours ago. Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abd al-Muttalib and his wife, Abu Talib ibn Abd al-Muttalib and his wife, Fatimah bint Asad, educated Fakhitah, Jumanah and Raytah, * indicates that the marriage order is disputed, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 03:41. On that the Messenger of Allah said, “By Allah, I will keep on asking Allah’s forgiveness for you unless I am forbidden (by Allah) to do so.” So Allah revealed, “It is not for the Prophet and those who believe, to pray for the forgiveness of polytheists even if they were their relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are the people of hell.” [Qur’an 9:113] And then Allah specifically revealed about Abu Talib ‘Indeed it is not such that you can guide whomever you love, but Allah guides whomever He wills.’” [Qur’an 28:56] [Sahih Bukhari: Kitab al-Janaiz, Kitab al-Manaqib, Kitab al-Tafseer – Surah al-Bara’ah and Surah al-Qasas, Sahih Muslim: Kitab al-Iman, Sunan al-Nasa’i: Kitab al-Janaiz].

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